Terrafirma explore the historical mining landscape of Cornwall

As lots of people were making their way back to reality from their summer holidays, a few members of the Terrafirma team made the journey down to Cornwall to explore the historical mining landscape, guided by Dan Berriman of Cornwall Consultants.

The same location separated by more than 100 years: The top photo was taken on our excursion in September 2019 and the bottom photo was taken in c.1890s. The intensity of mining in the Redruth area is illustrated by the presence of numerous mine engine houses that dominated the landscape. A few chimneys are visible remnants of this huge industry.

The same location separated by more than 100 years: The top photo was taken on our excursion in September 2019 and the bottom photo was taken in c.1890s. The intensity of mining in the Redruth area is illustrated by the presence of numerous mine engine houses that dominated the landscape. A few chimneys are visible remnants of this huge industry.

CC 2 crop.jpg

The first stop on our tour was a little mine on the coast at Portreath Beach, an unassuming spot juxtaposed with sand, surf and paddling pensioners.

3.jpg

The photo (right) shows a small tin mine at Portreath Beach.This, Dan explained, is of a much smaller scale than most Cornish mines but provides the perfect model. From the picture we can see three levels of mining separated by layers of rock within a mineral lode comprised of tin ore. The levels within a typical mine would be separated by approximately 20-30 metres of rock.

 
CC 4.jpg
CC 5.jpg

On the photo (left) you can see three levels of mining in the cliff face and (right) deeper inside the cave the tin ore lode structure can be seen.

Steel rings which are still prominent on the side of the mine entrance reveal that a door was once placed there so that the miners could work during high tides with the waves ominously lapping up just outside!

The next stop was Wheal Peevor, a reclaimed area that is now popular with mining enthusiasts and dog walkers alike. The mining history of the site is hard to miss, with several large stone engine houses dominating the landscape.

7.jpg
Wheal Peevor: several engine houses are still located on the site and can be explored by the public.This building housed the engine associated with a 201-metre-deep pumping and haulage shaft.

Wheal Peevor: several engine houses are still located on the site and can be explored by the public.This building housed the engine associated with a 201-metre-deep pumping and haulage shaft.

These housed the engines used for different functions in the mining process. One of the engine houses was for a pumping and haulage shaft. The shaft is can be seen at the surface today, covered and made safe by a metal grate. Despite there being no danger, we did hesitate slightly when stepping out over the 201-metre-deep void!

With a new sense of the scale of the workings and the intensity of mining in the area, we travelled into St Day, town of the wealthy mine owners of the time. But the grand buildings are not the only legacy of its rich mining past. A collapsed shaft in its centre serves as a visible reminder of this history and heralds the challenges that will continue to be faced in mining areas in future.

The collapsed mine shaft in St Day

The collapsed mine shaft in St Day

9.jpg
Maura web.jpg

Blog written by Maura Partridge

Contact the team for more information and advice

Tel: 0330 900 7500

Email: info@terrafirmasearch.co.uk